Plan S, an initiative launched in September 2018 by Science Europe, continues with the target of open access scientific publication initiated by Horizon 2020. The specific aim of the plan is to speed up the open access publication process, in order to ensure all publications funded by public grants are published on open access platforms or journals from 1 January 2020. The plan will be binding for beneficiary researchers.
The plan is structured around ten principles:
Plan S is generating a wave of reactions both for and against: while the scientific community applauds the transition to a new communication system, other sectors such as publishers with a consolidated subscription model, or even scientific societies that support journals in their subject area, are unsure of a disruptive change of model.